KOTA SAMARAHAN, 18th December 2019 (SNN): Professor Narayanan N Kulathu Ramaiyer presented his Inaugural talk at the Dewan Syarahan, Pusat Islam Tun Abang Salahuddin (PITAS), UNIMAS today. The talk was entitled, “Human versus Machine Intelligence: Staying Relevant in the Upcoming Artificial Intelligence Era”.
The talk addressed the misconceptions about the current state of Artificial Intelligence (AI) while highlighting the true capacities and potential of AI systems. The talk started off by raising the following questions: Will we start losing jobs to robots? Will our lives be controlled by emerging data mining super-powers who will be able to dictate everything? These super powers include Silicon Valley giants such as Google, Amazon, Microsoft and emerging Chinese giants such as Huawei, Baidu, Alibaba and Tencent.
According to him, “Existing AI applications are being powered by “Weak models of Intelligent Systems”. They are called weak (or narrow) models as they are trained specifically to solve a single problem. Examples of such AI systems include; navigational system for autonomous vehicles, diagnostic system for treating a particular disease and cat image identifiers. He stated that this narrow form of intelligence is no way comparable to the immense capacities of human intelligence.
The concerns about computers taking away our jobs and reducing the need for many tasks that we do in our daily lives, are real. It is expected that 40% of current human tasks will be taken over by robots. “Humans should not have to compete with these AI-systems”, he said. Education should not be directed at narrow skillsets that can be easily taken over by machines. Instead, education should focus on unlocking the full human capacity to be able to solve problems innovatively.
Professor Narayanan introduced the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ) as an innovative systems methodology to identify radical solutions to these emergent problems Values-based systems are needed to neutralize the extensive scale of dehumanization that is taking place. Values-based socio-technical systems will be a solution to the questions posed earlier.